seashores and Water sports in Puntarenas

Puntarenas is a province mendacity on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and is counted the various fine excursion spots within the global because of the balmy weather and immaculate sceneries. The beaches of Puntarenas are taken into consideration significant for water sports activities and different sports activities sports. in advance pollution created hindrances for the swimmers while relishing their moments at the seashores however now they’re safe to swim without this kind of worries. people from across the world go to right here to experience some adventurous moments to cherish during their lifetime. a few beaches cover up islands wherein tourists spend maximum in their excursion your Paradise in Villages
Cabuya, being one of the more lively islands situated on the ocean aspect of Costa Rica, appeases humans with its lovely seaside houses where they could create their own private paradise. you’ll enjoy fishing and cooking along with your partner inside the maximum the great, old fashioned Cabuya Village. any other paradise is the Playa Dona Anna beach which is a few kilometers far from Puntarenas and has got excellent seashore waters along side adorable white sand in which you can experience picnicking and adore beachfront views. you would also find converting rooms at the seaside wherein you could switch garments after spending your amusing crammed moments on the beach.Illustrious Jaco seaside
The Jaco seashore located in the northern part of the province is likewise distinguished in terms of amusing and water game sports. it is well known for its numerous fairs and music events; the grey sands have sufficient area of roughly 2 miles that is ideal for a large birthday celebration to be organized. The community seashores of Jaco include Hermosa, Esterillos and those on the Manuel Antonio countrywide Park. The whole coast is popular for its water sports activities and other sports which entertain the humans continuously, for the duration of the day and night time. The Jaco beach is likewise acknowledged for its night time lifestyles in which the clubs, bars, eating places and discos play a major function in preserving the vacationers occupied till solar-upward thrust. one of the major water sports activities which can be enjoyed in those beaches includes browsing which can be tried out by beginners in addition to skilled surfers.Passionate Surfers Appeased To A terrific quantity
Many seashores and rivers act as a extremely good spot for browsing in Puntarenas, Costa Rica and two of them are Barranca and Tivives river mouths. Surfers from internationally spend their holidays at the lodges located near the seashores in which they can entertain themselves with their talents of surfing. The waves of Jaco enchantment to a new surfer and he can relish his first moments on a browsing board. The rivers mentioned earlier than have superb breaks such that skilled and expert surfers experience flaunting their browsing information on such riverfronts. a number of the opposite splendid seashores that are known for water sports activities sports consist of Playa Matapalo and Playa Esterillos wherein a surf opposition is held each 12 months attracting global surfers to showcase their waterborne talents. Playa Hermosa also organizes a few surfing competitions and the steady robust waves growing there function the center attraction for the tourist surfers.Puntarenas now not simplest serves the tourists with desirable lodging centers however additionally with adorable beaches where passionate surfers can spend most in their time playing the sport that they love. however take care of your self as crocodiles common the waters right here and might startle you in your browsing expeditions. Regardless, Puntarenas assure you some of the great beach a laugh sports and lifetime recollections.

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Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management

One of the major factors militating against the development of sports in Nigeria today is lack of effective management. A lot of solutions are being proffered by concerned and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and educational consultant. I was the person invited by the author and the university to review the book when it was presented to the public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.

According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism all over the world that sport is now a reference issue which can no longer be ignored at various sectors of the economy and spheres of life. The author adds that this text thus takes a critical look at topical issues in sports administration and management, dwelling on theories and principles of modern trends in sports administration and management such as leadership, organisation, planning, motivation, etc.

The text contains 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is a concept that implies different things to different people at different times, thus leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously described as an art, a science, a person or people, a discipline and a process.

This author expatiates that as an art, sports management is all about carrying out sports organisational functions and tasks through people; while as a science, sports management is about establishing sports philosophy, laws, theories, principles, processes and practices. As an organisation, according to him, sports management is defined as a means of creating formal structures and an establishment based on a mission, objectives, targets, functions and tasks.

Awoyinfa says as a person or group of people, sports management may refer to the head alone or to all the senior staff, committee, etc.; while as a discipline, management is a field of study with various subjects and topics. The author illuminates that sports management as a process is about a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights management functions in sports administration as planning, organising, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting and evaluation. On whom a sports manager is, this author educates that a sports manager is anyone at any level of sport organisation who directs
the efforts of other people towards the achievement of organisational goals sport-wise.

Chapter two is based on the subject matter of evolution and trends of sports management thought. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports management dates back to the days when people first attempted to accomplish goals by working together in a group. In his words, “There was serious thinking and theorising about managing many years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of modern sports management thought. Major efforts to develop theories and principles of sports management began from the early twentieth (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The industrial revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century probably provided the climate for this very serious theorising.”

Awoyinfa adds that since the turn of the 20th century, writers on sports management and business theory have been propounding different theories about how to manage work and personnel more efficiently and effectively. This author educates that the three main schools of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports management theorists; principles and characteristics of scientific management; appraisal of the scientific management theory, etc., in this chapter.

Chapter three is thematically labelled “principles of sports management”. In this chapter, the educational consultant explains that sports principles are the basic laws on which the practice of sports management is built. He adds that management principles must therefore be based on general terms for them to be applicable within sport organisations of varying sizes and character. “Modern sports managers and administrators are expected to be able to identify and use appropriate principles that are relevant to particular situations. This is because no single principle can suit all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.

He says the fundamental principles of sports are those applicable to all sports organisations and as a result of their general acceptability, they are sometimes referred to as “universal principles of sports management”. This author expatiates that some of these principles are: responsibility; delegation of authority and communication. As regards humanitarian principles of sports management, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, sympathy, empathy, consideration and humility.

In chapter four based on the concept of behavioural and motivational theories in sports organisation, the author says human beings are unique creatures as they behave differently under different conditions and are mostly difficult to predict. Awoyinfa stresses that since human beings constitute the most important element in sports organisation, sports managers need some understanding of why people behave in one way or the other, so that they (sports managers) can influence people to perform exactly the way sports organisations find desirable.

One potent instrument this author suggests that can be used to elicit performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in sports organisations to make employees perform.
However, it has been an important and a puzzling subject for sports managers.” Awoyinfa further discusses development of motivational concepts in sports organisation; application of motivational theories to sports management; methods of behaviour modification, etc., in this chapter.

In chapters five to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on subject matters such as management techniques in sports organisation; the concept of sports organisation; setting design in sports organisation; the concept of planning in sports administration; making sports organisations more effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports organisations.

Chapter 11 is based on communication strategies in sports organisation. According to Awoyinfa here, communication is a crucial factor in any organisational effectiveness because organisations cannot function effectively when communication skills are lacking among members. “Since communication is the moving spirit in an organisation, its absence may make organisations standstill,” asserts this author.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts such as organisational cha

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